Tonnes of waste yielded Annually
E-Waste Recycled Annually
Estimated yield by 2020
BUT, WHAT IS E-WASTE?
Electronic scrap components, such as CPUs, contain potentially harmful materials such as lead, cadmium, beryllium, or brominated flame retardants. E-waste is considered the “fastest-growing waste stream in the world” with 44.7 million tonnes generated in 2016- equivalent to 4500 Eiffel towers.In 2018, an estimated 50 million tonnes of e-waste was reported, thus the name ‘tsunami of e-waste’ given by the UN.
Proper recycling and disposal of electronics is not only important for the environment but it also has a big impact on data security as well. It’s quite easy for anyone to extract personal data from electronic devices. Dragging your important documents to the Recycling Bin won’t be enough to keep your data secure. That’s because digital information often leaves a trail of breadcrumbs that can be recovered effortlessly using the right hardware.
E-WASTE IN INDIA
The study also gives numbers on which electronic item contributes more towards e-waste. Within e-waste generated in India, computer equipment has a major share – it accounts for almost 70 per cent of the waste material, telecommunication equipment covers 12 per cent, electrical equipment 8 per cent, medical equipment 7 per cent and other items make up for the remaining 4 per cent.
According to the report, the reason behind the poor state of e-waste management in India is low level of infrastructure, legislation and framework. Despite having over 160 units to process e-waste, only around 22 per cent (4.3 TPA or 4,38,085 TPA) of the e-waste is recycled in India. Considering the number of e-waste recycling units in the country and the e-waste generated in India, the country needs more number of recycling units.
It is time that India increase the number of e-waste recycling units and tackle the waste at war footing.